作者： 发布时间：2021-04-06 14:10:50点击：5098
English for Qualification Test
Part I Use of Language (10 minutes)
Directions: There are 10 incomplete dialogues in this part. For each dialogue there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). Choose the ONE that best completes the dialogue. Then mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet with a single line through the center.
1. —Thanks so much for doing this for me.
— Hey, __________
A) can I help you? B) nice to meet you.
C) what are friends for? D) never say never.
2. — I’ll meet you at the school gate at 4:30 with my cousin.
A) Sure, no problem. B) Not at all.
C) You are welcome. D) Never mind.
3. — I eat healthier food now. And I go to the gym every day.
一__________ No wonder you’re so thin now!
A) Go ahead! B) Great idea!
C) That’s all right. D) Good for you!
4. — Hey, Charlie. Are you okay?
A) It’s so cool outside. Let’s go for a walk.
B) No, not really. This weather makes me feel down.
C) It’s my pleasure to be able to help you.
D) You look great!
5. –– I’d like to get a haircut this afternoon, but I’m running out of cash. Can I borrow $20?
A) Forget about it! B) It’s a deal!
C) Not at all. D) Sure, here you go.
6. — Next please! Hi, how can I help you?
A) I want to cash this check, please. B) No, thanks.
C) I’m not sure about that. D) I’m sorry to hear that.
7. — I forgot to bring my homework to the class. How should I do?
A) No pains, no gains. B) Don’t worry about it. Not a big deal.
C) Here we are. D) Neither do I.
8. — Where shall we meet after work? Where is the cool new restaurant you mentioned?
— It’s right across the street from the subway station. ________
A) You can’t miss it! B) What a shame!
C) You got my back. D) What’s the hurry?
9. — May I have a word with you?
A) Yes, I’d love to. It’s delicious.
B) That would be very kind of you.
C) I’m very busy. Please make the long story short.
D) I’m sorry. I’m using it right now.
10. — Would you like to have some more beef?
— No, thanks. ________
A) I’d like to, but it is not working. B) I’d be delighted if I’m free.
C) I’ve had enough. I’m watching my weight. D) That would be of great help.
Part II Reading Comprehension (35 minutes)
Directions: There are 4 passages in this section. Each passage is followed by some questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A), B), C) and D). You should decide on the best choice and mark the corresponding letter on the Answer Sheet.
Questions 11 to 15 are based on the following passage.
We find that bright children are rarely held back by mixed ability teaching. On the contrary, both their knowledge and experience are enriched. We feel that there are many disadvantages in streaming (把…按能力分班) pupils. It does not take into account the fact that children develop at different rates. It can have a bad effect on both the bright and the not-so-bright child. After all, it can be quite discouraging to be at the bottom of the top grade!
Besides, it is rather unreal to grade people just according to their intellectual ability. This is only one aspect of their total personality. We are concerned to develop the abilities of all our pupils to the full, not just their academic ability. We also value personal qualities and social skills, and we find that mixed-ability teaching contributes to all these aspects of learning.
In our classrooms, we work in various ways. The pupils often work in groups: this gives them the opportunity to learn to co-operate, to share, and to develop leadership skills. They also learn how to cope with personal problems as well as learning how to think, to make decisions, to analyze and evaluate, and to communicate effectively. The pupils learn from each other as well as from the teacher.
Sometimes the pupils work in pairs; sometimes they work on individual tasks and assignments, and they can do this at their own speed. They also have some formal class teaching when this is appropriate. We encourage our pupils to use the library, and we teach them the skills they need in order to do this efficiently. An advanced pupil can do advanced work: it does not matter what age the child is. We expect our pupils to do their best, not their least, and we give them every encouragement to attain this goal.
11. In the passage the author’s attitude towards “mixed-ability teaching” is ________.
A) critical B) questioning
C) approving D) objective
12. By “held back” (Line 1) the author means “________”.
A) made to remain in the same classes
B) forced to study in the lower classes
C) drawn to their studies
D) prevented from advancing
13. The author argues that a teacher’s chief concern should be the development of the student’s ________.
A) personal qualities and social skills
B) total personality
C) learning ability and communicative skills
D) intellectual ability
14. Which of the following is NOT MENTIONED in the third paragraph?
A) Group work gives pupils the opportunity to learn to work together with each other.
B) Pupils also learn to develop their reasoning abilities.
C) Group work provides pupils with the opportunity to learn to be capable organizers.
D) Pupils also learn how to participate in teaching activities.
15. The author’s purpose in writing this passage is to ________.
A) argue for teaching bright and not-so-bright pupils in the same class
B) recommend pair work and group work for classroom activities
C) offer advice on the proper use of the library
D) emphasize the importance of appropriate formal classroom teaching
Questions 16 to 20 are based on the following passage.
Many of us believe that a person’s mind becomes less active as he grows older. But this is not true according to Dr. Jail, professor of psychiatry at the University of California. She has studied the mental functioning of aging persons for several years. For example, one of her studies concerns 136 pairs of identical twins who were first examined when they were already 60 years old. As Dr. Jail continued the study of the twins into their 70s and 80s, their minds did not generally decline as was expected.
However, there was some decline in psychomotor (心理运动) speed. This means that it took them longer to accomplish mental tasks than it used to. But when speed was not a factor, they lost very little intellect ability over the years. In general, Dr. Jail’s studies have shown that there is no decline in knowledge or reasoning ability. This is true not only with those in their 30s and 40s, but with those in their 60s and 70s as well.
It is true that older people themselves often complain that their memory is not as good as it once was. However, much of what we call “loss of memory” is not that at all. There usually was incomplete learning in the first place. For example, the older person perhaps had hearing trouble, or poor vision, inattention, or was trying to learn the new thing at too slow a pace. In the cases where the older person's mind really seems to decay, it is not necessarily a sign of decay due to old age. Often it is simply a sign of a depressed emotional state.
16. According to Dr. Jail’s studies, middle-aged and older people would expect to _____.
A) remember less
B) reason better
C) learn fewer new things
D) lose no intellectual ability
17. The word “psychiatry” in paragraph 1 most probably means ____.
A) the study of human behavior
B) the study of disease of the mind
C) the study of problems with aging persons
D) the study of twins’ growth
18. Mental decay due to aging is _____.
B) much more common than most people believe
C) much less common than most people believe
D) especially true of those over 60
19. A long-term study of 136 pairs of twins showed that _____.
A) they lost a little reasoning ability over the years
B) their memory was not as good as it had once been
C) their minds became a bit more active as they grew older
D) their speed to perform mental tasks reduced over the years
20. What we call mental decay is usually a sign of _____.
A) a low-spirited state
B) a worsening state of health
C) old age
D) nervous tension
Questions 21 to 25 are based on the following passage.
An idea that started in Seattle’s public library has spread throughout America and beyond. The concept is simple: help to build a sense of community in a city by getting everyone to read the same book at the same time.
In addition to encouraging reading as a pursuit to be enjoyed by all, the program allows strangers to communicate by discussing the book on the bus, as well as promoting reading as an experience to be shared in families and schools. The idea came from Seattle librarian Nancy Pearl who launched the “If All of Seattle Read the Same Book” project in 1998. Her original program used author visits, study guides and book discussion groups to bring people together with a book, but the idea has since expanded to many other American cities, and even to Hong Kong.
In Chicago, the mayor appeared on television to announce the choice of To Kill a Mockingbird as the first book in the “One Book, One Chicago” program. As a result, reading clubs and neighborhood groups sprang up around the city. Across the US, stories emerged of parents and children reading to each other at night and strangers chatting away on the bus about plot and character. The only problem arose in New York, where local readers could not decide on one book to represent the huge and diverse population. This may show that the idea works best in medium-sized cities or large towns, where a greater sense of unity can be achieved. Or it may show that New Yorkers rather missed the point, putting all their energy and passion into the choice of the book rather than discussion about a book itself.
Ultimately as Nancy points out, the level of success is not measured by how many people read a book, but by how many people are enriched by the process, or have enjoyed speaking to someone with whom they would not otherwise have shared a word.
21. What is the purpose of the project launched by Nancy?
A) To invite authors to guide readers.
B) To encourage people to read and share.
C) To involve people in community service.
D) To promote the friendship between cities.
22. Why was it difficult for New Yorkers to carry out the project?
A) They had little interest in reading.
B) They were too busy to read a book.
C) They came from many different backgrounds.
D) They lacked support from the local government.
23. According to the passage, where would the project be more easily carried out?
A) In large communities with little sense of unity.
B) In large cities where libraries are far from home.
C) In medium-sized cities with a diverse population.
D) In large towns where agreement can be quickly reached.
24. The underlined words “shared a word” in the last paragraph probably mean _____.
A) exchanged ideas with each other
B) discussed the meaning of a word
C) gained life experience
D) used the same language
25. According to Nancy, the degree of success of the project is judged by ____.
A) the careful selection of a proper book
B) the growing popularity of the writers
C) the number of people who benefit from reading
D) the number of books that each person reads
Questions 26 to 30 are based on the following passage.
Scientists are racing to build the world’s first thinking robot. This is not science fiction: some say they will have made it by the year 2020.
Machines that walk, speak and feel are no longer science fiction. Kismet is the name of an android (机器人) which scientists have built at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT).
Kismet is different from the traditional robot because it can show human emotions. Its eyes, ears and lips move to show when it feels happy, sad or bored. Kismet is one of the first of a new generation of androids — robots that look like human beings — which can imitate human feelings. Cog, another android invented by the MIT, imitates the action of a mother. However, scientists admit that so far Cog has the mental ability of a two-year-old.
The optimists say that by the year 2020 we will have created humanoids with brains similar to those of an adult human being. These robots will be designed to look like people to make them more attractive and easier to sell to the public. What kind of jobs will they do? In the future, robots like Robonaut, a humanoid invented by NASA, will be doing dangerous jobs, like repairing space stations. They will also be doing more and more of the household work for us. In Japan, scientists are designing androids that will entertain us by dancing and playing the piano.
Some people worry about what the future holds: will robots become monsters? Will people themselves become increasingly like robots? Experts predict that more and more people will be wearing micro-computers, connected to the internet，in the future. People will have micro-chips in various parts of their body, which will connect them to a wide variety of devices. Perhaps we should not exaggerate the importance of technology, but one wonders whether, in years to come, we will still be falling in love, and whether we will still feel pain. Who knows?
26. Kismet is different from traditional robots because it ________.
A) can think for itself
B) has eyes, ears and lips
C) can look after two-year-olds
D) can express human feelings
27. A common feature of the new generation of robots mentioned in the passage is that they ________.
A) can act like a mother
B) have the mental ability of a two-year-old
C) look and act like human beings
D) can do entertaining work
28. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage?
A) It’s possible to plant micro-chips in human bodies.
B) Human beings will do less household work because of robots.
C) No one is completely sure what technology will do for us in the future.
D) Robots with human brains will surely be created by 2020.
29. According to the passage, future robots will be designed to do all the following except ________.
A) working in the space
B) falling in love
C) entertaining people
D) thinking like a human being
30. What is the writer’s attitude to robots in the future?
A) Critical. B) Hostile. C) Objective. D) Enthusiastic.